A Case Study in Resurrecting an Event

Here in Switzerland you can see first hand that the hammer throw has been declining over the past decade. Youth participation is so low that the hammer throw was cancelled at the national under-23 championships for lack of participation this year. But the problem isn’t isolated in Switzerland; neighboring Germany has seen youth hammer results in decline recently and what was once the strongest hammer throwing nation had results of 70 and 60 meters win medals at this years national senior men’s and women’s championships in the hammer throw. But while many countries are struggling, at least one has not just witnessed growth, but a growth level perhaps unmatched in history. That country is the United States.

Spearheaded by the efforts of Harold Connolly and many others in the mid-1990s, the number of US youth hammer throwers has increased fivefold at beginning and elite levels by almost every measure. This success is remarkable and something that other countries and other events can analyze when trying to replicate such success.

I was able to complete just this analysis thanks to the help of detailed statistics provided by Bob Gourley, Ian Tempest, Jack Shepard, and Swiss Athletics, as well all of youth coaches that completed my US Youth Hammer Throw Survey last spring. After looking at the situation in detail it is clear that the success has been attributable to: (1) increasing competitive opportunities for youth athletes; (2) keeping former throwers involved in the sport as coaches; and (3) providing resources for those coaches to learn more about the event. Countless other steps have also contributed to success, but these three stand out above all others. And all three steps are easy to replicate anywhere, yet the trend is heading in the other direction. In Switzerland the number of competitive opportunities and the number of athletes that become coaches is both shrinking. There is also little coordinated national education effort.

This article is still just a draft and I will revise it with your additional input. Therefore please post your comments below or email me with your thoughts on the reasons for such growth in America and how other countries can replicate that, or how America can continue its growth into the future.

4 replies
  1. Geoff Foley
    Geoff Foley says:


    A nicely compiled study numerous worthwhile findings. In California [as an old Athletic Director, I call it “The Land of Lawyers”,] I don’t see hammer being added to the state’s offerings for Scholastic Track any time soon – way too much liability where the pole vault is being dropped by leagues up and down the state. It doesn’t look good for hammer in a scholastic vein BUT I see more and more high school kids throwing hammer each and every month.

    I’m in a unique position because we in Santa Cruz have a lovely venue in a private park [the facility is homemade and ain’t super-pretty] but we hosted over 50 throwing meets [always including hammer and weight] in the last calender year [we tend to double up in the summer and go Thursdays and Saturdays.] Some Saturdays the park has actual other uses [we’re bumped for a Boy Scouts’ Camp-Out this coming week] but we’re able to host a lot of throwing always offering ‘free coaching’ with the masters who make the park a regular part of their weekend. Your friend Terry Noyes even wrote us an HTML program so we hosted a ‘hammer decathlon’ [5 descending weights then 5 descending hammer weights] and it was age and weight graded. 13 gave it a try and [though lots of masters] college and high schoolers made up over half the throwers. Today, on one of our regular Saturdays, 12 throwers did the 5 throws and 6 were high schoolers.

    We have the luxury of, “If you build it, they will come.” We operate on the assumption that if we’re frequent enough, publish the meet regularly on a simple e-mailing every week, we’ll see the kids take the opportunity. Terry and a local coach have been running fairly regular Wednesday practices and the local college kids will move down from UCSC campus practices to join in on Wednesdays about the first of the year. We measure our participation in “ones and twos’ but the growth keeps up as long as we keep offering.

    For us in Santa Cruz, it’s: “keep opening the gate and unlocking the equipment bin.” By the way, anyone near the Monterrey Bay area who wants to throw, e-mail me: dgeoffreyfoley@sbcglobal.net & I’ll put you on our mailing list.

    Geoff Foley


Trackbacks & Pingbacks

  1. […] Hammer Throwing. One topic I have looked at a lot is how the US created a youth hammer throwing scene from nothing. In the hammer throw we have to rely on informal coaches education since we are rarely included in […]

  2. […] do we start? In my article for New Studies in Athletics I identified four areas that were key in the revitalization of the American youth hammer throwing […]

  3. […] → Related Content: Read my case study on how the US resurrected youth hammer throwing, which was later… […]

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